Tanzania’s economic growth depends heavily on its environmental and natural resources, with more than 80 per cent of the population dependent on them for income generation. Critical challenges threaten these resources, including their unsustainable harvesting and use, unchecked cultivation practices, degradation of and encroachment on water sources, and the impacts of climate change and extreme weather events. Climate change – evident in 60 per cent of the country – is manifested in droughts, floods, sea level rise and increased water-borne diseases.
Given these threats, the government sees an urgent need to protect and manage the environment and its natural resources. In 2012, Tanzania launched its National Climate Change Strategy. The strategy covers adaptation, mitigation and cross-cutting interventions; and outlines the importance of establishing institutions and policies at the national level for climate change planning – including a climate change finance mechanism.
With UNCDF support, Tanzania has both an efficiently functioning system of local governments and a well-developed intergovernmental fiscal transfer system, which has introduced performance-based elements over the past decade. A policy of decentralization by devolution gives local governments significant roles and responsibilities in implementing government policies and programmes. This includes supporting efforts to achieve national development goals (e.g. Vision 2025), as well as international goals such as the Sustainable Development Goals and other regional and international protocols and development frameworks. As to its intergovernmental fiscal transfer system, Tanzania has been reforming and strengthening it to include considerations on the impact of climate change and opportunities for climate change funding.
Objectives, results and activities
The over-arching purpose of the five-year (2016–2021) LoCAL project, Decentralised Climate Finance in Tanzania (DCF), is to establish a robust and effective mechanism to enable local government authorities (LGAs) in Tanzania to access climate finance on a regular and sustained basis to fund investments that build climate-resilient development at LGA and community levels. To achieve this, the project has two specific objectives:
The project will deliver five outputs in the achievement of these objectives: (i) an effective performance-based climate resilience grant (PBCRG) system is established in Tanzania and operational for additional funding; (ii) functional devolved district climate finance and planning mechanisms in 15 district councils in mainland Tanzania to finance community-prioritized investments in public goods that build climate resilience; (iii) investments that build climate resilience are effectively and efficiently implemented and managed by the districts and their performance transparently assessed as part of the mechanism; (iv) the PO-RALG develops the institutional and financial competencies to become an accredited national implementing entity of the GCF to scale-up devolved climate finance in support of community-driven adaptation across Tanzania; (v) evidence and learning on the effectiveness of devolved climate finance investments to improve community resilience, differentiated by gender, is generated and used to inform policy.
Adaptation measures and investments
Population: 53,47 million
Number of districts (wilaya): 255
Phase I: 2016–2017
Lead government partners (Memorandum of Understanding): President’s Office, Regional Administration and Local Government (PO-RALG)
Other government partners (Technical Committee): Vice-President Office (VPO), Ministry of Finance and Planning (MoFP)
LoCAL donors and in-country development partners: International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), UK Aid;
Government of Tanzania:
Ms. Lucy Ssendi
Climate change advisor
Decentralized Climate Finance Project
Researcher – Drylands
Principal Researcher – Drylands
Ms. Sophie De Coninck, LoCAL Programme Manager (Africa), email@example.com