Dodoma, Tanzania - The impacts of climate change pose a significant threat to local livelihoods and economic activities across Tanzania. In response to these challenges, the government of Tanzania has joined forces with partners from the civil society and other governmental institutions to launch the ‘Decentralised Climate Finance programme’ to bring climate adaptation funding to local communities, making sure they play a part in deciding how these resources are spent.
The 5-year programme will facilitate investments to improve responses to climate change across 15 test-districts in mainland Tanzania and 3 districts in Zanzibar. It will accomplish this by linking financial capital from the Green Climate Fund (GCF) with local governments in communities where such investments are likely to have the greatest impact. The programme will also generate lessons that can be applied througout the country at a larger scale.
"If successful by 2021, we will have helped Tanzanian communities to cope with the effect of climate change and learnt more about how this kind of approach be rolled our across Tanzania."
The President’s Office – Regional Administration and Local Government (PO-RALG) is mandated to manage the Decentralised Climate Finance programme in collaboration with the Vice President’s Office, the Ministry of Finance and Planning, the Institute of Rural Development Planning, the Local Government Training Institute (Hombolo), the Tanzania Meteorological Agency, Hakikazi and the Tanzania Natural Resources Forum. Using the 'Devolution by Decentralisation' framework, funds will be channeled to local governments helping them to improve good governance and accountability. PO-RALG will use the continuous learning and evidence generated from the project experience to facilitate dialogue at local, national and international levels. The Programme will facilitate this process through capacity building provided in collaboration with the PO-RALG, creating pilot funding programs, and conducting monitoring and evaluation activities. In sum, the programme's intended goals can be summarized as follows:
- Establishing a Performance-based Climate Resilience Grant (LoCAL) system in Tanzania which will be operational for additional funding in the future.
- Establishing decentralised district climate finance and planning mechanisms in 15 district councils in mainland Tanzania and 3 districts in Zanzibar to finance community prioritized investments in public goods that build climate resilience.
- Ensuring that investments that build climate resilience are effectively and efficiently implemented and managed by the districts, and that their performance transparently assessed as part of the grant mechanism.
- Building the capacity of PO-RALG to develop the necessary competencies to scale-up decentralised climate finance in support of community-driven adaptation across Tanzania.
- Generating evidence and learning on the effectiveness of decentralised climate finance investments to improve community resilience, differentiated by gender, which can be used to inform policy.
The International Institute of Environment and Development (IIED) is a policy and action research organisation. IIED promotes sustainable development to improve livelihoods and protect the environments on which these livelihoods are built. We specialise in linking local priorities to global challenges. IIED is based in London and works in Africa, Asia, Latin America, the Middle East and the Pacific, with some of the world’s most vulnerable people. We work with them to strengthen their voice in the decision-making arenas that affect them — from village councils to international conventions.
The Haki Kazi Catalyst is a Tanzanian economic and social justice advocacy organisation based in Arusha. Since 2000, Hakikazi have developed an innovative approach to working for the social and economic rights of marginalized communities and individuals. Hakikazi aims at promoting public education that creates knowledge and understanding of poverty issues and policies and raise the awareness of the poor about their social and economic rights and responsibilities; Facilitating processes of participation, transparency, and accountability that ensure choices and voices of poor communities are included in making decisions about key poverty reduction strategies; And promoting sustainable livelihoods and capabilities through processes that foster constructive dialogue and actions between the poor and all levels of government on issues affecting income and capability poverty.
The Tanzania Natural Resource Forum is a network organization registered in 2006 as a Non-Governmental Organization, with the aim of promoting the improvement of natural resource governance to achieve more sustainable rural livelihoods and better conservation outcomes. TNRF works for improved natural resources governance by helping to bridge the gap between, People’s local natural resource management needs and practices, and National natural resource management priorities, policies, laws and programs.