Despite its relatively small size, Nepal has very diverse climatic conditions. Over 80 per cent of the country’s population depend on agriculture and forest resources for their livelihoods, which makes the Nepali people highly vulnerable to climate change. Climate change impacts projected for the country include significant warming, particularly in the middle hills and at higher elevations, leading to reductions in snow and ice coverage; increases in climatic variability and the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events, including floods and droughts, and in areas with no past history of such events; and changing precipitation patterns (increase in regional precipitation during the wet season, decrease in precipitation in the middle hills, shortened monsoon, longer dry spells). Like other Himalayan populations, the Nepalese live in areas with a high risk of floods, soil erosion and landslides. Increased snow melting rates will further exacerbate the risk of glacial lake outbursts and their related flash floods.
As part of its National Adaptation Programme of Action, Nepal established a Climate Change Knowledge Management Centre and a Multi-Stakeholder Climate Change Initiative Coordination Committee. It has also initiated local adaptation plans of action, appointing district and village development committees to act on climate change adaptation. This last has provided an important entry point for LoCAL to support local governments and communities in climate change adaptation.
Objectives, results and activities
The aim of LoCAL-Nepal is to demonstrate the role and ability of local bodies in promoting climate change resilience through mainstreaming climate finance into the intergovernmental fiscal transfer system and the local planning and budgeting process. The expected results are as follows:
Adaptation measures and investments
Two PBCRG cycles have been fully implemented, with 59 small-scale adaptation measures financed in the two pilot districts, which together have a population of almost 50,000 people.
The majority of investments have focused on climate-related disaster prevention, with 27 projects consisting of bio-engineering, drainage and damming works on roads, river streams and canals to prevent flooding and landslides for downstream and neighbouring communities. Another 23 interventions aimed at improving rainwater harvesting and availability through the construction/restoration of community ponds, to be used by communities for purposes including irrigation and cattle. Some measures included alternative income-generating activities, such as eco-tourism in Siddalake, an area full of natural beauty and a beekeeping initiative in Gajuri.
Overall, PBCRGs have benefited 10,099 people in the six municipalities; of these, 4,419 are male, 4,340 are female and 1,340 are children.
Population: 27.8 million
Number of administrative zones: 14
Lead government partners: Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development (MoFALD)
LoCAL donors and in-country development partners: EU Global Climate Change Alliance; Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida); Government of Liechtenstein; UNDP-UNEP Poverty-Environment Initiative
Government of Nepal
Ek Raj Sigdel, Local Environment Specialist, Local Governance and Community Development Programme, Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development
Pushpa Koirala, LoCALProgramme Officer, Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development
Ms. Pragyan Joshi, Programme Analyst, firstname.lastname@example.org
Mr. Suresh Balakrishnan, Chief Technical Advisor (Bangladesh and Nepal), email@example.com
Ms. Kamlesh Lama, Programme Associate, firstname.lastname@example.org
Mr. Fakri Karim, LoCAL Programme Manager, email@example.com
LoCAL-Nepal in figures