Situated on the delta of the two largest rivers of the Indian sub-continent, Bangladesh is one of the most vulnerable countries in the world to extreme climatic events such as floods, cyclones and droughts. Climate change is expected to lead to a rise in sea level and surface temperatures, which could increase the frequency and intensity of cyclones and floods, as well as of other climate- related events. In 2008, the country launched the Bangladesh Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan; the strategy prioritizes six thematic areas for climate change adaptation, many of which call for action by local government institutions.
Local governments in Bangladesh have been mandated to perform several key functions related to disaster preparedness and management. In the process, they have become important stakeholders in the climate change area. Local governments at the upazila (sub-district) and union parishad (grassroots) levels receive fiscal transfers which are used to strengthen local infrastructure and deliver services. LoCAL works with these local governments to mainstream climate change resilience into their planning and investment systems.
Objectives, results and activities
The overall objective of LoCAL-Bangladesh is to demonstrate the comparative advantage of local governments in managing climate change finance for improving climate change resilience at the local community level. The specific objectives of the programme are to ensure that local governments can perform the following:
LoCAL- Bangladesh kicked off in 2014 when a memorandum of understanding was signed with the Local Government Division of the Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development and Co-operatives. Since then, two tranches of performance-based climate resilience grants (PBCRGs) have been transferred to and fully implemented by the targeted local governments. Key achievements over the past four years include:
Adaptation measures and investments
During Phase I, LoCAL contributed to 35 small-scale interventions under the climate change adaptation schemes identified. The most common type of schemes implemented – particularly in Godagori – were integrated interventions based around rehabilitation of ponds serving poor, marginalized and landless communities. Other schemes included model resilient drought- tolerant high-value cropping and household and community development, as well as organic fertilizer production. Some interventions focused on promoting more climate-resilient livelihoods, as demonstrations and/or capacity building on various climate- and water-efficient agricultural techniques (inter-cropping and green sheds for seedling) and renewable energy interventions.
The schemes paid particular attention to extremely vulnerable groups, such as communities displaced due to climate change, ethnic minorities and women.
Following its maturity model of piloting, consolidating and scaling up, UNCDF is kicking off LoCAL Phase II, jointly with the United Nations Development Programme, to be implemented by the Local Government Division of the Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development and Co-operatives. LoCAL will be earmarked in a new project, Local Governments Initiative on Climate Change – LoGIC. The project’s objective is to enhance the capacity of local stakeholders (vulnerable communities, local government institutions and civil society organizations) for planning and financing climate change adaptation solutions in selected climate- vulnerable areas. UNCDF will be responsible for managing USD 9 million of a total of USD 20 million allocated to the project by the EU GCCA+ and Sida.
The project will be implemented in the lowest tier (union parishads) of local governments in climate change–vulnerable aras. The number of expected beneficiaries is around 200,000 of the most vulnerable households in 72 union parishads in 19 upazilas and 7 districts.
Population: 156.6 million
Number of local governments: 5,428
Lead government partners:
Local Government Division of Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development and Cooperatives (MLGRDC)
Other government partners:
Economic Relations Division,
Ministry of Finance
LoCAL donors and in-country development partners:
EU Global Climate Change Alliance; Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida); Danida; UNDP
Government of Bangladesh:
Mr. A.S.M. Mahbubul Alam,
Focal Person, LOGIC, Local Government Division,
Mr. Suresh Balakrishnan, Chief Technical Advisor (Bangladesh and Nepal), firstname.lastname@example.org
Mr. Jesmul Hasan, Programme Analyst, email@example.com
Mr. Fakri Karim, LoCAL Programme Manager, firstname.lastname@example.org
Bangladesh in figures