Decentralization in Niger provides for two levels of local authority – the commune and the region – which are administered by elected councils. Both are legal entities and have financial autonomy, with their own budget, staff and estates, as per Article 3 of the General Local Authorities Code (CGCT). The CGCT gives communes general powers (as per Article 20) to provide public services that meet the needs of the population and that do not fall under the jurisdiction of the state or region. It also grants a wide range of specific powers – covering, among others, the environment and the management of natural resources – which the state is likely to transfer gradually through devolution decrees made by the Cabinet (Articles 163–164). Budget transfers from the state are handled through three mechanisms: the Decentralization Support Fund, the Cross-Subsidization Fund of the National Agency for Local Authority Funding (ANFICT) and taxes reassigned by the state (Article 224 et seq.).
Niger, like other countries in West Africa, has been hard hit by the effects of climate change, and addressing these is a central plank of UNCDF’s commitment in the country. Climate change in Niger is evidenced by, among other factors, (i) a reduction in average annual rainfall, combined with limited temporal and geographic distribution when it does occur; (ii) increasingly high temperatures; (iii) more frequent periods of drought; (iv) marked deterioration in soil quality; and (v) greater ecosystem fragility. The degradation of land potentially suitable for cultivation and the dependence of the country’s farms on rainfall make Niger extremely vulnerable to random climatic events.
Drafted in 2013, the National Policy on Climate Change aims, in general terms, to contribute to sustainable development by reducing the negative impacts of climate change. Specifically, it aims to strengthen the population’s capacity for adaptation and the resilience of ecological, economic and social systems in relation to climate change, and to incorporate climate change into planning tools for socioeconomic development actions at the national, regional and local levels.
Objectives, results and activities
The aim of LoCAL-Niger is to demonstrate and highlight the role of communes in promoting local climate change adaptation/resilience measures through integrating climate funding in budget transfer mechanisms and planning/allocation of local resources. More specifically, it aims to:
Adaptation measures and investments
Population: 17,8 million
Number of communes: 255
Phase I: 2015–2016 (USD 280,000 for year 1, from the general programme)
Phase II: onwards from 2017 (depending on availability of resources)
Lead government partners (Memorandum of Understanding): Ministry of the Environment, Urban Sanitation and Sustainable Development (MESUDD)
Other government partners (Technical Committee): MISPDAC; CNEDD; National Agency for Local Authority Funding (ANFCT); High Commission for the 3 N Initiative; Ministry for Planning, Territorial Planning and Community Development; Ministry of Agriculture; Ministry for Livestock Farming; UNDP; NGO/development agency groups
LoCAL donors and in-country development partners: EU Global Climate Change Alliance (GCCA); Government of Liechtenstein; Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida); UNDP
Government of Niger:
Mr. Sani Mahazou,
Director General of the Environment and Sustainable Development, MESUDD, firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com
Mr. Harouna Oumarou,
Director of the Environmental Economy and Promotion of Non-Lignous Forest Products,
Mr. Salissou Yahouza,
Deputy Director of the Environmental Economy and Promotion of Non-Lignous Forest Products, Directorate General of the Environment and Sustainable Development, firstname.lastname@example.org
Ms. Emilienne Songaize, Programme Associate (Niger), email@example.com
Mr. Idrissa Moussa, National Technical Advisor (LoCAL), firstname.lastname@example.org
Ms. Sophie De Coninck, LoCAL Programme Manager (Africa), email@example.com