1. Background /Importance of the mission:
Mainstreaming of climate change adaptation into sub-national planning and budgeting has become recognized as increasingly important in building the country’s absorptive capacity and enhancing community resilience. Currently the VRA and DRR tools are the main tools to be used for mainstreaming of climate change adaptation at local communities and are mostly implemented by key initiatives, (i.e.: NC Scale Up, Cambodia Community Based Adaptation Programme (CCBAP), Promoting Climate Resilience in Agriculture and Water Resources Management for Rural Livelihood in Cambodia Programme (NAPA Follow-up), Cambodia Climate Change Alliance (CCCA), SGP/UNDP, Local Governments and Climate Change (LGCC), Strategic Program for Climate Resilient (SPCR).
Responding to the need for added coordination in the use of these tools, the LGCC II/NCDDS team conducted a training workshop on VRA and DRR tools for target communes/sangkat in Battambang and Takeo provinces. The training workshop aimed to provide an opportunity for targeted communes to learn about the VRA and DRR tools, along with other key aspects such as mapping. The training workshop was organized from 18-20 August 2015 in Mondulkiri and from 28-30 September in each provinces respectively with a total participants of 88 people (8 females).
The Objective of the training:
2. Expected outcome
The workshop trainings were begun with key remarks by Mr. Kosal Sar, National Technical Specialist, UNCDF Country Office representatives and open remarks by respective provincial IP3 administration directors Mr. Moul Thon ( Battambang ) and Mr. Meung Vuthy ( Takeo).
With the key remark, Mr. Kosal had noted the remarkable achievements and progresses up to date made by LGCC II project teams, especially successfulness of PBCRG implementation in the two target provinces. At the same time, he added, this training workshop is useful platform in building up the capacity of target local authority including commune councils, district councils and governors on VRA and DRR tools. These tools are very critical for their planning process.
With their opening remarks, both provincial IP3 directors had stressed high appreciation for UNCDF‘s supports. They mentioned with these technical and financial supports, had contributed to rural development and poverty reduction in their area, especially to help build their sub-national administration their institution’s capacity and adaptation capacity to Climate Change through PBCRG/LGCC project since 2012 up to now. They added that VRA and DRR tools are the key elements for their planning process.
Climate Change Concept
To enhance more knowledge on Climate Change concept, short video clip on climate change concept were shown and key brainstorming question on cause of climate change, CCA and GHG were asked and practice example were share.
All participants were introduced DRR Mapping concept. Through group working, they were assigned to draw sketch map of their own communes by indicating and identifying locations where are facing risks including drought, flood and other climate change hazards.
From the exercise, participants could understand the locatisation process and how to map areas prone to climate change and disaster risks. This information was further used as basis for the VRA and adaptation planning training.
VRA tools were comprehensively explained, including the objectives, methodology, and specific aspects such as the four key questions, making trend analysis and using H forms.
In order to make all participants more familiar with the VRA tools, practical exercises were applied through working groups. Each group was assigned to work on a real situation in their location and communes. During working in groups, they discussed and identified the climate vulnerability issues that impact their areas. Finally all results of the group discussions were presented to everyone, followed by Q&As for each group to explain and respond to questions from others.
District/Municipality CCA Strategy
During the workshop, the project team introduced and guided all participants on the development of D/M CCA strategies and how to use the results of the VRA. Based on the results of the VRA, each D/M is required to develop their own D/M CCA Strategy. The strategy is very important for them to support their planning process. Because from the strategic results, CCA actions and measures were identified and categorized by sectors that will be used in their planning process.
CCA Mainstreaming into Planning Process
This session allowed all participants to understand the concept of mainstreaming and how to mainstream CCA into their planning process by using results of VRA and D/M CCA strategy. Tools, materials, methods of mainstreaming and planning cycles were presented by the project team. Practical examples of the planning process were shared during a plenary discussion.
LGCC II/NCDDS successfully conducted 2 workshop trainings on VRA and DRR tools to mainstream CCA/DRR and VRA into SNA Development and Investment Plan in two provinces. The training provided opportunities to sub-national practitioners to learn and test CCA/DRR and VRA tools to mainstream climate adaptation and resilience into SNA planning. Furthermore, CCA/DRR/VRA tools, D/M CCA strategies were designed and made widely known to all.
In conclusion, the training was very useful and allowed all CCA key players from LGCC II and project partners in target provinces to learn more about the VRA/CCA/DRR mainstreaming tools, to think and apply D/M CCA/DRR strategies and to share experiences and knowledge that can benefit each other.
Extrait du site de UNCDF: 'Natitingou, Bénin -
Le Ministère de l’Environnement chargé des Changements Climatiques, du Reboisement et de la Protection des Ressources Naturelles et Forestières, en partenariat avec l’UNCDF, a lancé ce jour un atelier de formation des cadres techniques des communes et des services déconcentrés de la zone d’intervention de l’initiative Facilité pour le Financement Local de l’Adaptation aux Changements Climatiques (LoCAL).
L’objectif visé par ledit atelier consiste à renforcer les capacités des collectivités locales et des structures étatiques qui les appuient sur la problématique des changements climatiques et sur les outils d’intégration des préoccupations liées aux changements climatiques dans les documents de planification. De façon spécifique, il s’agit de les amener à comprendre les causes, conséquences et manifestations des changements climatiques, à cerner le concept d’adaptation, à maîtriser les outils d’intégration des changements climatiques dans les documents de planification et à formuler des actions, des projets et programmes d’adaptation...'
Pour lire cet article en entier, veuillez suivre ce lien vers l'article complet sur le site de UNCDF
Training Workshops to Build Local Governments’ Capacity for Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment and Climate Change Adaptation Planning in Bhutan
The LoCAL program in Bhutan, managed by the Department of the Local Governance as a part of the larger Local Governance Sustainable Development Program, organized a series of four training workshops to impart knowledge and skills to the local government officials at the gewog (county) and dzongkhag (district) levels for climate change vulnerability assessment and climate change adaptation planning.
A Bhutanese environmental planning and management consultant, Ugen P. Norbu, designed and conducted the workshops. He was assisted by officials from the Department of Local Governance. Altogether 70 local government officials participated in the training workshops.
The first training workshop was held at Wangduephodrang from 8th to 10th June, 2015, the second was held at Zhemgang from 23rd to 25th June, and the third and fourth were held consecutively at Mongar from 13th to 15th July and 16th to 18th July. Earlier in the pilot phase of the LoCAL program in Bhutan, climate change vulnerability assessments and climate change adaptation frameworks were done by consultants. In order to sustain and institutionalize the approach within the local government system and considering that the program is gearing up for scale-up from 2016, the training workshops were conducted to transfer the knowledge and skills of the consultant to the local government officials so that they can carry out climate change vulnerability assessment and climate change adaptation planning on their own for future performance-based climate change adaptation grants.
The first day of the training workshops was made up of presentations and discussions on climate change and climate change adaptation, the role of local governments in climate change adaptation, overview of potential climate change adaptation investments at the local level, and the concept of participatory rural appraisal (PRA) and how PRA is to be used step-wise for climate change vulnerability assessment and climate change adaptation planning.
The second day involved fieldwork in a nearby gewog to provide the training participants hands-on experience of carrying out PRA exercises for climate change vulnerability assessment and climate change adaptation planning in interaction with local communities. For the mock PRA exercises, the training participants were divided into three groups and each of these groups were assigned a group of 9-11 local community members. On the third and final day, each group of the training participants was asked to collate, document and present the results of the fieldwork to the larger group for discussions. A consolidated report of the training workshops will be available by the third week of August 2015.
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