Despite its relatively small size, Nepal has very diverse climatic conditions. Over 80% of the country’s population depend on agriculture and forest resources for their livelihoods, which makes the Nepali people highly vulnerable to climate change. Climate change impacts projected for Nepal include significant warming, particularly in the middle hills and at higher elevations, leading to reductions in snow and ice coverage; increases in climatic variability and the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events, including floods and droughts, and in areas with no past history of such events; and changing precipitation patterns (increase in regional precipitation during the wet season, decrease in precipitation in the middle hills, shortened monsoon, longer dry spells). Like other Himalayan populations, the Nepalese thus live in areas with a high risk of floods, soil erosion and landslides; increased snow melting rates will further exacerbate the risk of glacial lake outbursts and their related flash floods.
As part of its National Adaptation Programme of Action, Nepal has established a Climate Change Knowledge Management Centre and a Multi-Stakeholder Climate Change Initiative Coordination Committee. Nepal has also initiated local adaptation plans of action, appointing district and village development committees to act on climate change adaptation. This last has provided an important entry point for LoCAL to support local governments and communities in climate change adaptation.
Objectives, results and activities
The aim of LoCAL-Nepal is to demonstrate the role and ability of local bodies in promoting climate change resilience through mainstreaming climate finance into the inter-governmental fiscal transfer system and the local planning and budgeting process.
The expected results are as follows:
Adaptation measures and investments
The first adaptation measures and investments are expected in 2015, following the first cycle of planning and budgeting for the LoCAL PBCRGs.
The recent earthquakes in Nepal and the resulting devastation in the LoCAL programme districts underscore the need to upgrade existing infrastructure standards and ensure construction quality and maintenance. LoCAL will support rehabilitation and reconstruction efforts through provision of more resilient infrastructure and strengthening of community institutions.
Population: 27.8 million
Number of administrative zones: 14
Lead government partners: Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development (MoFALD)
LoCAL donors and in-country development partners: EU Global Climate Change Alliance; Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida); Government of Liechtenstein; UNDP-UNEP Poverty-Environment Initiative
Government of Nepal
Ek Raj Sigdel, Local Environment Specialist, Local Governance and Community Development Programme, Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development
Pushpa Koirala, LoCALProgramme Officer, Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development
Ms. Pragyan Joshi, Programme Analyst, email@example.com
Mr. Suresh Balakrishnan, Chief Technical Advisor (Bangladesh and Nepal), firstname.lastname@example.org
Ms. Kamlesh Lama, Programme Associate, email@example.com
Mr. Fakri Karim, LoCAL Programme Manager, firstname.lastname@example.org