Decentralization in Mali was implemented with the creation and establishment of local authorities and their governance bodies at three levels – region, circle and commune. One of Mali’s main challenges over the next few years will be to accelerate the process of giving these local authorities greater independence through an effective transfer of powers; financial and human resources; and continued capacity-building for planning, implementation and monitoring and evaluation of development actions at the local level. The Local Authorities Code tasks commune authorities with developing their own social, economic and cultural development programme – that is, planning and scheduling development actions within their area. Despite their autonomy in local development planning, most local authorities are not aware of the leadership role they can play in tackling climate change.
Mali, like other countries in West Africa, has been hit hard by the effects of climate change; addressing these effects is a key component of UNCDF’s commitment in the country. Climate change in Mali is evidenced by, among other effects, (i) an average reduction in annual rainfall of 20%, combined with limited geographic and temporal distribution when it does occur; (ii) increasingly high temperatures; (iii) more frequent periods of drought and flooding; (iv) decreased water levels in the major rivers; (v) marked deterioration in soil quality; and (vi) greater ecosystem fragility. Projected climate scenarios indicate that by 2100, the average temperature in Mail could increase by about 0.2°C per decade and that rainfall could decrease by 10%. A predominantly arid country, less than a quarter of Mali’s land is suitable for cultivation. Land degradation, and the dependence of the country’s farms on rainfall, make Mali extremely vulnerable to random climatic events.
The main objectives of Mali’s 2011 National Climate Change Policy are to facilitate better integration of climate challenges in planning processes at the national and local levels; and to build the population’s capacity to increase the resilience of ecological, economic and social systems to the effects of climate change by incorporating adaptation measures – primarily in the most vulnerable sectors.
Objectives, results and activities
LoCAL-Mali aims to demonstrate and highlight the role of commune authorities in promoting local climate change adaptation/resilience measures by integrating climate funding in budget transfer mechanisms and in the planning/allocation of local resources. More specifically, it aims to:
The LoCAL-Mali initiative is being implemented in line with the national implementation method, with the Environment and Sustainable Development Agency (AEDD) serving as the national institution responsible for administering the LoCAL programme in partnership with UNCDF.
Adaptation measures and investments
The first adaptation measures and investments were implemented at the end of 2015, following the first cycle of planning and budgeting for LoCAL PBCRGs. In the Simby commune, this has financed a 2-hectare market gardening plot for women’s groups, complete with supplementary pools, hedges and wire fencing. In the Sandaré commune, the investment has been used to install a solar-based well water pump in a 2.5-hectare market gardening plot of a women’s group. This garden will also be surrounded by wire fencing and hedges.
Population: 17.9 million
Number of communes: 703
Phase I: 2015–2017 (USD 265,000)
Phase II: 2017 onwards (depending on availability of resources
Lead government partners (Memorandum of Understanding): MEADD; Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation; AEDD
Other government partners (Technical Committee):
Ministry of Territorial Administration and Decentralization (MATD); Food Security Commission; Ministry of the Economy and Finance; ANICT; Ministry of Rural Development; Ministry of Livestock Farming and Fishing; Ministry of Planning
LoCAL donors and in-country development partners:
EU Global Climate Change Alliance (GCCA); Government of Liechtenstein; Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida); Belgian Fund for Food Security (BFFS); FAO; UNDP; UNDP-UNEP PEI
Government of Mali:
Mr. Aboubakar Diabate, Director General, Environment and Sustainable Development Agency (AEDD), email@example.com
Mr. Sekou Kone, Section Head, Partnerships and Financial Resource Mobilization, AEDD, firstname.lastname@example.org
Ms. Safiatou Diarra Cissé, National Technical Coordinator, email@example.com
Mr. Oumar Tamboura, UNCDF National Technical Advisor, Directorate-General of Local Authorities, MATD firstname.lastname@example.org
Ms. Sophie De Coninck, LoCAL Programme Manager (Africa), email@example.com