Mali, like many other countries in West Africa, has been hit hard by the effects of climate change. Climate change in Mali is evidenced by, among other effects, (i) an average reduction in annual rainfall of 20 per cent, combined with limited geographic and temporal distribution when it does occur; (ii) increasingly high temperatures; (iii) more frequent periods of drought and flooding; (iv) decreased water levels in the major rivers; (v) marked deterioration in soil quality; and (vi) greater ecosystem fragility. Projected climate scenarios indicate that by 2100, the average temperature in Mali could increase by about 0.2°C per decade and rainfall decrease by 10 per cent. A predominantly arid country, less than a quarter of Mali’s land is suitable for cultivation. Land degradation, and the dependence of the country’s farms on rainfall, make Mali extremely vulnerable to random climatic events.
The main objectives of Mali’s 2011 National Climate Change Policy are to facilitate better integration of climate challenges in planning processes at the national and local levels; and to build the population’s capacity to increase the resilience of ecological, economic and social systems to the effects of climate change by incorporating adaptation measures – primarily in the most vulnerable sectors.
Implementation of the government’s strategies will help coordinate and enhance the relevance of climate change–related interventions – which is seen as a priority in the National Adaptation Plan of Action, the Initial National Communication on climate change, and its associated plan and road map – the level of climate funding (e.g. from the Green Climate Fund and Climate Fund Mali), and the need to mainstream sustainable environment in connection with implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals and the National Green Economy Strategy.
LoCAL-Mali aims to demonstrate and highlight the role of commune authorities in promoting local climate change adaptation/ resilience measures by integrating climate funding in budget transfer mechanisms and in the planning/allocation of local resources. Specifically, it aims to strengthen technical and institutional capacities in the pilot communes to ensure better local governance of adaptation to climate change, enable communes to create infrastructure and local services which are resilient to climate change through targeted funding, and promote increased awareness among commune councillors and local communities about the impact of climate change phenomena and the relevance of a local approach to adaptation/resilience.
The Environment and Sustainable Development Agency (AEDD) serves as the national designated authority responsible for administering the LoCAL programme in partnership with the other members of the National Monitoring Committee, using the National Agency for Local Authority Funding (ANFCT) structure for the funding of the communes, with the UNCDF and the General Direction of Territorial Planning and Community Development.
Adaptation measures and investments
Population: 17.9 million
Number of communes: 703
Phase I: 2015–2017 (USD 265,000) - Additional Funds - National Counterpart - 2017 (USD 150,000)
Phase II: 2018 onwards (depending on availability of resources
Lead government partners (Memorandum of Understanding): MEADD; Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation; AEDD
Other government partners (Technical Committee):
Ministry of Territorial Administration and Decentralization (MATD); Directorate General of Local Authorities; Food Security Commission; Ministry of the Economy and Finance; ANICT; Ministry of Agriculture; Ministry of Livestock Farming and Fishing; Ministry of Planning; Association of Municipalities of Mali
LoCAL donors, in-country development and strategic partners:
EU Global Climate Change Alliance (GCCA); Government of Liechtenstein; Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida); Belgian Fund for Food Security (BFFS); FAO; UNDP; UNDP-UNEP PEI; NEF/IEED; GIZ
Government of Mali:
Mr. Brehima Camara, Director General, Environment and Sustainable Development Agency (AEDD)
Mr. Sekou Kone, Section Head, Partnerships and Financial Resource Mobilization, AEDD, firstname.lastname@example.org
Ms. Safiatou Diarra Cissé, LoCAL National Technical Coordinator,
UNDP Mali, Immeuble Mangané Badalabougou Bamako
Mr. Ibrahima Coulibaly, National UNV, Programme support assistant, ACL/P2N Coordination Office - Nioro du Sahel
Ms. Sophie De Coninck, LoCAL Programme Manager (Africa), email@example.com
LoCAL-Mali in figures