Lao People’s Democratic Republic
Temperatures are rising in Lao PDR with rainfall, storms, droughts and floods expected to become more severe and frequent. The effects of climate change have serious impacts on the livelihoods and living conditions of people in the country. Floods and storms can destroy infrastructure by washing away streets, damaging buildings or interrupting electricity supply. Expected impacts include crop failure, lack of drinking and irrigation water as well as an increase in vector-borne diseases such as malaria or dengue. Increased vulnerability towards the negative effects of climate change is compounded by natural resource–driven economic development, such as the country’s heavy reliance on mining and hydropower generation.
Many small-scale village-level infrastructure projects such as irrigation schemes or water supplies for domestic consumption are built on ad hoc–based traditional knowledge only, which lacks the necessary technical know-how and financing to be climate risk- proof. The challenge lies in limited understanding of and awareness about the effects of climate change on the ecosystem and gaps in local capacity and budgets to build resilience.
Objectives, results and activities
The overall objective of the Effective Governance for Small-Scale Rural Infrastructure and Disaster Preparedness in a Changing Climate project, in which LoCAL is earmarked, is to improve local administrative systems affecting the provision and maintenance of small-scale rural infrastructure through participatory decision making that reflects the genuine needs of communities and natural systems vulnerable to climate risk. The project has three main outcomes:
The project makes use of a local government grants mechanism – specifically, the District Development Fund–Climate Resilient Grants (DDF-CRG) operating under the National Governance and Public Administration Reform Pogramme (NGPAR) led by the Ministry of Home Affairs – as the primary entry point for delivering performance-based climate resilience grants (PBCRGs) in Saravane and Sekong Provinces.
Adaptation measures and investments
Policy actions, governance and institutional coordination:
The project closed on 31 December 2017. A new phase of the NGPAR (Governance for Inclusive Development Programme) is expected to be launched soon. Note that the DDF mechanism has not yet been adopted as a government mechanism for local planning and funding, but is still seen as a project delivery system. The new phase of the NGPAR is expected to better integrate a revised DDF system into national planning frameworks such as the Sam Sang policy; this offers an opportunity to integrate project outcomes and lessons learned from the present experience, thereby ensuring integration of climate resilience criteria into national and local planning mechanisms.
Population: 6.77 million
Number of Provinces: 17 (+ 1 Capital)
Phase I: 2014- 2015 (USD167,547 from US$632,000)
Phase II: 2015- 2016 (USD xxxx from USD1,095,453)
Lead government partners:
Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MoNRE)
Ministry of Home Affairs (MoHA)
Other government partners
District Development Fund (DDF)
LDCF (Local Development Climate Fund)
LoCAL donors and in-country Development Partners:
UNDP Global Environment Facility
LDCF 2 project Lessons Learnt Workshop 23 July 2015.
Government of Lao PDR:
Mr. Nisith Keopanya,
Director General of Planning and Cooperation Department, MoHA
Mr. Phouvong Luangxaysana, Director General of Disaster Risks Management and Climate Change Department, and NPD of GIDDCC/LDCF-2, MONRE
Mr. Vanxay Bouttnavong, Head of Climate Change Adaption Division, MONRE
Mr. Thilaphong Oudomsine
Programme Specialist, UNCDF Lao
Ms. Kulrisa Shayavee
Programme support regional office Bangkok
Mr. Chananyou Muadmanee
Project Associate, Regional office Bangkok
LoCAL-Laos P.D.R. in figures