Lao People’s Democratic Republic
Temperatures are rising in Lao with rainfall, storms, droughts and floods expected to become more severe and frequent. The effects of climate change have serious impacts on the livelihoods and living conditions of people in Laos. Floods and storms can destroy infrastructure by washing away streets, damaging buildings or interrupting electricity supply. Expected impacts include crop failure, lack of drinking and irrigation water as well as an increase in vector-borne diseases such as malaria or dengue. Vulnerability in Lao is compounded by the country’s reliance on natural resources for its economic development. Some of Laos’s major forms of natural resource use such as rain-fed rice cultivation and hydropower generation are very vulnerable to the negative effects of climate change.
Many small-scale village-level solutions such as irrigation schemes or water supplies for domestic consumption are built using traditional knowledge, which does not take into account increasing climate risks either due to lack of information or insufficient local budgets.
Approximately USD 2 million in climate finance will be provided through a LoCAL mechanism integrated within the existing UNCDF-supported District Development Fund (DDF) block grant system, to ensure that LDCF projects as well as baseline DDF projects are made more climate resilient and address the climate resilience needs of target communities.
Since the LDCF 2 project uses the existing DDF modality with mainstreaming of climate resilience, it promotes fiscal decentralization and delegation of authority and responsibility from the central government to the local administration. This initiative is in line with the government’s newly introduced Sam Sang (3 Builds) decentralization policy, under which local administrations have been given a greater role and responsibility in exercising discretionary decision-making power and authority.
Objectives, results and activities
The overall objective of the Effective Governance for Small-Scale Rural Infrastructure and Disaster Preparedness in a Changing Climate project is to improve local administrative systems affecting the provision and maintenance of small-scale rural infrastructure through participatory decision making that reflects the genuine needs of communities and natural systems vulnerable to climate risk. The project has three main outcomes:
Adaptation measures and investments
Following the first cycle of planning and budgeting of the LoCAL performance-based climate resilience grant, initial adaptation measures and investments are expected in 2016.
Planned actions for 2015 include the following:
Population: 6.77 million
Number of Provinces: 17 (+ 1 Capital)
Phase I: 2014- 2015 (USD167,547 from US$632,000)
Phase II: 2015- 2016 (USD xxxx from USD1,095,453)
Lead government partners:
Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MoNRE)
Ministry of Home Affairs (MoHA)
Other government partners
District Development Fund (DDF)
LDCF (Local Development Climate Fund)
LoCAL donors and in-country Development Partners:
UNDP Global Environment Facility
LDCF 2 project Lessons Learnt Workshop 23 July 2015.
Government of Lao PDR:
Mr. Nisith Keopanya,
Director General of Planning and Cooperation Department, MoHA
Mr. Phouvong Luangxaysana, Director General of Disaster Risks Management and Climate Change Department, and NPD of GIDDCC/LDCF-2, MONRE
Mr. Vanxay Bouttnavong, Head of Climate Change Adaption Division, MONRE
Mr. Thilaphong Oudomsine
Programme Specialist, UNCDF Lao
Ms. Kulrisa Shayavee
Programme support regional office Bangkok
Mr. Chananyou Muadmanee
Project Associate, Regional office Bangkok