Due to climate change, Ghana is facing increased pressure on water, reduced yields leading to more poverty and food insecurity, and the loss of national revenue from cash crops such as cocoa. Other vulnerabilities include migration that adds to the pressure on urban services; deteriorating health because of increased disease; severe impacts on land use leading to loss of biodiversity and soil fertility, land degradation and increased deforestation; and exposure of fragile groups such as women and youth to climate change impacts. In 2013, Ghana launched its National Climate Change Policy, which includes the three objectives of effective adaptation, social development and mitigation. Four thematic areas have been identified to address adaptation issues in Ghana: energy and infrastructure, natural resource management, agriculture and food security, and disaster preparedness and response.
The Government of Ghana has expressed a strong desire to mainstream adaptation activities in all procedures at the MMDA level, with a strong focus on strengthening the District Environmental Committees and compliance with various environmental safeguards, as well sharpen the attention to the increasing roles of climate change at the local level.
Many Metropolitan, Municipal and District Assemblies (MMDAs) are confronted with increased climate change variability and human vulnerability. More than 80% of disasters in MMDAs are climate related and affect key growth and economic sectors such as agriculture, forestry and fisheries; as well as environmental sanitation water supply and management. The National Development Planning Commission’s guidelines on preparing MMDA medium-term plans therefore incorporates climate change adaptation issues in profiling as well as in prioritizing projects.
Highlighted in the National Climate Change Policy, the Ministry of Local Government and Rural Development, which aims to ensure good governance and equitable development of MMDAs and plays an important role in ensuring that climate change is mainstreamed at the local level. Climate change adaptation is also captured in the Annual Performance Indicators under the District Development Facility (DDF) — although as a smaller part of the cross-cutting performance measures, and with a lower weight than the generic indicators on governance and public financial management.
Objectives, results and activities
The overall outcome of LoCAL-Ghana is to improve the resilience of MMDAs to climate change as a result of increased access to climate change adaptation financing through Performance-Based Climate Resilience Grants (PBCRGs).
The objectives for LoCAL-Ghana are as follows:
Four outputs will contribute to the achievement of these objectives:
Adaptation measures and investments
Following the first cycle of planning, budgeting and transfer of funds in November 2015 of the LoCAL performance-based climate resilience grant (PBCRG), first adaptation measures and investments commenced in June 2016 and completed in January 2017 included:
Population: 24.37 million
Number of Metropolitan, Municipal and District Assemblies: 216
Phase I: 2016-2017 onwards (USD 125,000 for year 1, from global programme)
Phase I (2nd cycle) :2017-2018 (USD 130,000)
Phase II: 2018 onwards, pending availability of resources
Lead government partners (Memorandum of Understanding):
Ministry of Local Governments and Rural Development, Ministry of Finance.
Other government partners (Technical committee):Ministry of Environment, Science, Technology and Innovation (MESTI); Environment Protection Agency (EPA), National Development Planning Commission (NDPC) and National Disaster Management Organisation (NADMO).
LoCAL donors and in-country development partners: Government of Liechtenstein; Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA); EU GCCA+
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Government of Ghana:
Ms. Wasila Sufyan, Senior Development Planning Officer, Ministry of Local Government and Rural Development (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Dr. Abdulai Dramani, Institute of Local Government Service (email@example.com)
Mr. Kwame Owusu-Bonsu, Director, Policy Planning Monitoring and Evaluation, Ministry of Local Government and Rural Development (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Ms. Angela Yayra Amoah, LoCAL National Project Coordinator (Ghana) (email@example.com)
Mrs. Sophie De Coninck, LoCAL Project Manager (Africa) (firstname.lastname@example.org)