The evaluation of national vulnerability carried out as part of the development of the 2008 Programme d’Action National d’Adaptation aux changements climatiques (National Action Programme for Climate Change Adaptation, PANA) identified three major climate risks: drought; late, heavy rains; and flooding. The resources with the highest exposure to these risks are drainage basins, subsistence agriculture and water resources. The most exposed social groups are small farmers, market gardeners and emerging farmers, and fishers. Similarly, the vulnerability and adaptation to climate change studies carried out in connection with the Second National Paper on Climate Change identify four vulnerable sectors: the coast, water resources, forestry and agriculture.
Benin has commune authorities that are independent in both financial and management terms, and a national funding mechanism for local development, the Fonds d’Appui au Développement des Communes [Local Development Support Fund, FADeC]. Commune authorities in Benin are responsible for environmental protection, as confirmed by the Environmental Governance Charter. Despite the part commune authorities should play in the national effort to plan and implement appropriate adaptation measures, the 2003 National Adaptation Strategy did not specify any particular role for them.
Objectives, results and activities
The aim of LoCAL‐Benin is to demonstrate and highlight the role that commune authorities could play in promoting local climate change adaptation/resilience measures, through integrating climate funding in budget transfer mechanisms and planning/allocation of local resources.
More specifically, it aims to:
The results expected are as follows:
The performance-based climate resilience grant (PBCRG) mechanism has been developed and includes minimum conditions for access, performance criteria and an indicative investment list to inform the process of integrating adaptation into local planning and budgeting. The Memorandum of Understanding to put grants into practice was signed in November 2013.
Adaptation measures and investments
The first adaptation measures are expected at the end of June 2015, following the first round of planning and budgeting for LoCAL PBCRGs, and include the following investments:
Grants will be provided for two fiscal years during the initial pilot phase. Based on the lessons learned, the LoCAL mechanism will be refined to prepare for expanding it to more communes and over a longer period (phase II), according to the financial resources available.
Population: 10.3 million
Number of communes: 77
Phase I: 2014–2016 (USD 360,000, from the general programme and Government of Benin)
Phase II: onwards from 2016 (depending on availability of resources)
Lead government partners:
(Memorandum of Understanding and Letter of Agreement): Ministry of the Environment in Charge of Climate Change Management, Reforestation and the Protection of Natural and Forest Resources (MEC GCCRPRNF); Ministry of Decentralization, Local Governance, Administration and Land Use Planning (MDGLAAT); Ministry of the Economy and Finance (MEF)
Other government partners (technical committee):
LoCAL donors and in-country development partners: European Union Global Climate Change Alliance; Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida); Government of Liechtenstein; UNDP-UNEP Poverty-Environment Initiative
Government of Benin:
Mr. Médard Comlan Ouinakonhan, LoCAL National Coordinator, Ministry of the Environment with responsibility for Climate Change Management, Reforestation and Protection of Natural and Forest Resources – MECGCCRPRNF (email@example.com)
Mr. Julien Adounkpe, DG/Climate Change, MECGCCRPRNF (firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com)
Mr. Cossoba Nanako, Programme Officer (Benin) (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Mr. Joël Bekou, United Nations Volunteer (National) (email@example.com)
Ms. Sophie De Coninck, LoCAL Programme Manager (Africa) (firstname.lastname@example.org)