Situated on the delta of the two largest rivers of the Indian sub-continent, Bangladesh is one of the most vulnerable countries in the world to extreme climatic events such as floods, cyclones and droughts. Climate change is expected to lead to a rise in sea level and surface temperatures, which could increase the frequency and intensity of cyclones and floods, as well as of other climate-related events. In 2008, the country launched [ok?] the Bangladesh Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan; the strategy prioritized six thematic areas for climate change adaptation, many of which call for action by local government institutions.
Local governments in Bangladesh have been mandated to perform several key functions related to disaster preparedness and management. In the process, they have become important stakeholders in the climate change area. Local governments at the upazila (sub-district) and union (grassroots) levels receive fiscal transfers which are used to strengthen local infrastructure and deliver services. LoCAL works with these local governments to mainstream climate change resilience into their planning and investment systems.
Objectives, results and activities
The overall objective of LoCAL-Bangladesh is to demonstrate the comparative advantage of local governments in managing climate change finance for improving climate change resilience at the local community level. The specific objectives of the programme are to ensure that local governments can perform the following:
Adaptation measures and investments
Adaptation measures and investments are expected end 2015/early 2016[SDC1] , following the first cycle of planning and budgeting for the LoCAL PBCRG.
Initial engagements revealed strong demand and willingness on the part of local governments to improve resilience to climate change. Communities see the LoCAL-Bangladesh intervention as a very significant area of local government support.
Planned actions for 2015 include the following:
Population: 156.6 million
Number of local governments: 5,428
Phase I: 2013–2016 (USD 360,000, from LoCAL global programme)
Phase II: 2016 onwards; Euro 4 million for LoCAL activities from EU Global Climate Change Alliance through joint project with UNDP; Danish International Development Agency (Danida) supported UNDP-UNCDF local governance project, with USD 1.6 million component on LoCAL activities
Lead government partners:
Local Government Division of Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development and Cooperatives (MLGRDC)
Other government partners:
Economic Relations Division,
Ministry of Finance
LoCAL donors and in-country development partners:
EU Global Climate Change Alliance; Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida); Danida; UNDP
Government of Bangladesh:
Mr. Md. Abdur Rouf, Project Director, firstname.lastname@example.org
Mr. Suresh Balakrishnan, Chief Technical Advisor (Bangladesh and Nepal), email@example.com
Mr. Jesmul Hasan, Programme Analyst, firstname.lastname@example.org
Ms. Silvia Sinha, Programme Assistant, email@example.com
Mr. Fakri Karim, LoCAL Programme Manager, firstname.lastname@example.org